Evaluation of antiinflammatory activity of pseudananas macrodontes morr. Being free from adverse effects of freeze burning, it offers a cost. At one time there where 240 acres planted in immokalee, fl prior to libby selling to nestle. Ananas comosus, searching for proteolytic activity, characterization of the catalytic type and optimization of the culture growth conditions. The inflorescence consists of 50200 individual hermaphrodite flowers with. Ananas comosus synonyms, ananas comosus pronunciation, ananas comosus translation, english dictionary definition of ananas comosus. Farahani department of microbiology, qom branch, islamic azad university, qom, iran. Simply remove the plant from the pot, wash the roots free of soil and place in a container with clay pebbles. Ananas comosus a tropical american plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves. In summer it produces conelike clusters of purple flowers, with reddishyellow bracts, followed by bright red, edible pineapples up to 30cm long. Ananas comosus l merr 83p dissertacao9mestrado kiss e j kiss g gyulaai and l e heszky 1995 a novel. Pineapple ananas comosus is one of the major fruit crops in taiwan, accounting for 275 million u.
Due to high concerns of sustainability in the food system and negative high impact of human practice in the environment, a strategy has. Integral valorization of pineapple ananas comosus l. Ananas comosus, better known as pineapples, are a favorite for their delicious fruit as well as their striking colors and shapes in the ornamental varieties. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Characterization of the third serk gene in pineapple ananas comosus and analysis of its expression and autophosphorylation activity in vitro. There are a number of pineapple ananas comosus cultivars and ecotypes of local commercial importance in. University of florida pdf 8 pages ananas comosus pineapple, university of florida pdf ananas comosus, handbook of energy crops.
In mexico, pineapple cultivation has a long tradition and is of vital economic and cultural importance 1. Pineapples are part of the bromeliad family and are one of the few bromeliads that bear edible fruit. The pineapple is indigenous to south america, where it has been cultivated for many centuries. Pineapple ananas comosus is native to the south american continent and is considered an exotic fruit due to its taste and flavour. Promotion of pineapple in dietary consumption can prove to be beneficial to the society and businesses at large. The leaves are spineless which makes handling much more enjoyable. Ananas comosus pineapple pina care plant varieties. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about ananas bromeliad, pineapple ananas comosus elite gold supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. Tjandrawinata, tacorin, an extract from ananas comosus stem, stimulates wound healing by modulating the expression of tumor necrosis factor a, transforming growth factor p and matrix metalloproteinase 2, febs open bio, vol. The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding see status, confidence level, source for definitions. Bred for florida pineapple production by libby fruit company. Mexico is the seventh largest producer of pineapples worldwide.
Merr is the accepted name for the commonly known pineapple fruit. It is grown mainly for fresh and canned fruit and juice and is the only source of bromelain, an enzyme used in pharmaceuticals and as meattenderising agent. Surface plasmon resonance optical sensor and antibacterial activities of. Ars germplasm resources information network anco30 integrated taxonomic information system anan11. Ananas comosus is a perennial monocotyledonous rosette plant with long, narrow leaves bearing sawtooth edges, having a terminal inflorescence and a terminal multiple fruit. We aimed to characterize the evolution of physicochemical, sensory and microbiological quality during cold storage. The white fleshed fruit of white jade is ultra sweet, with very low acidity. Each plant has over 200 flowers, the individual fruits of these flowers join together to produce what we call a pineapple. Ananas comosus is a seedless cultigen a plant that has been altered by humans through a process of selective breeding. Pineapple batches were sampled from several locations in reunion island and then minimally processed. Ananas bromeliad, pineapple ananas comosus elite gold. Merrill, which is now called ananas comosus var comosus belongs to the family bromeliaceae.
Pineapples are often planted for their tropical appearance and as. Reduce watering significantly during the winter when the plant is resting. Ananas comosus article about ananas comosus by the free. As an alternative source of microcrystalline cellulose that can be used as a binder in the manufacture of tablets, giving value to the leaves of the pineapple ananas comosus l. Ananas comosus pineapple cheat sheet learn how to care for your ananas comosus pineapple with this quick and easy informational guide. Pineapple ananas comosus taxonomythe pineapple, ananas comosus merr. Pineapple is a nonclimacteric fruit as it does not ripen significantly. It originated in south america, where early european explorers named it after its resemblance to a pinecone 1. It was first described by the father of taxonomy carl linnaeus and later by elmer drew merrill. Paper open access characterization of microcrystalline. A taxonomic species within the family bromeliaceae the pineapple. The ideal outcome of this study can be attained by getting the following particular objectives.
Because it has been in cultivation for thousands of years, its exact origins are unknown. The pineapple ananas comosus is a tropical plant with an edible fruit, also called a pineapple, and the most economically significant plant in the family bromeliaceae. Leaves swordshaped, margin coarsely and laxly spinose serrate. Ananas comosus pineapple will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 1m after 510 years. Ananas comosus, commonly called pineapple, is a terrestrial bromeliad that was originally discovered growing in tropical areas of south america principally brazil. Callus cultures were obtained which accumulate proteinases of the bromelaintype, namely callus bromelain, in concentrations higher than those of the pineapple plant. Protesases from tissue culture of pineapple ananas comosus. Like the banana, it is one of the few important fruiting monocots. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 219669. Ananas comosus, otherwise known as the pineapple, belongs to the family bromeliaceae. Columbus saw his first pineapple on guadeloupe in 1493. Micropropagation and growth of in vitro pineapple ananas.
Ananas comosus florida special pineapple from agristarts. Carib indians reportedly brought this plant to the caribbean. Adult ananas comosus plants are up to 1m 3 feet high and 0. Pineapple ananas comosus is an incredibly delicious and healthy tropical fruit. The predominant cultivar is smooth cayenne, which was selected by venezuelan indians for its attractive, flavorful, seedless fruit, and importantly, the lack of. Pineapple ananas comosus is a tropical plant with edible multiple fruits, can be consumed fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved and is the most economically significant plant. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Introduction the 24 to 30inchlong, stiff, bright green leaves have spiny tips and margins. Minimallyprocessed pineapple stored under refrigerated conditions is highly perishable. The introduction of the pineapple cultivation to europe in the 17th century made it a significant cultural icon of luxury. In vitro obtained shoots of pineapple ananas comosus l. White jade pineapple is a highly sought after hawaiian variety.
In the processing step, the variability of firmness and counts of. Ananas comosus definition of ananas comosus by the free. The communication of fruitlet connection through the fruit core figure 10. Ananas comosus is a prime candidate for rot from overwatering, so its wise to be careful with the watering can. Studies on micropropagation of pineapple ananas comosus l. As free water is required for producing sporangia and releasing motile zoospores, infection and disease development is exacerbated in soils with restricted drainage. Ananas comosus financial definition of ananas comosus. Ananas comosus definition of ananas comosus by medical. Industrial byproducts are produced every day through fruit processing industries. Compare the pineapple skin to other components utilized in other business soap check the effectiveness of pineapple as a skin cleanser and. Ananas comosus pineapple cheat sheet bromeliad plant care. Rotten pineapple heart, leaves and fruit caused by phytophthora heart rot. Pineapple is a nonclimacteric fruit as it does not ripen significantly postharvest.964 1359 596 233 89 324 586 893 425 488 575 1259 17 418 1461 1134 541 821 872 1522 1487 417 1480 203 1239 206 374 1031 1577 461 1572 548 1116 1119 39 1362 240 1374 547 975 645